Reproduction in Lower and Higher Plants MCQ with Answers PDF

By practicing Reproduction in lower and higher plants MCQ, you become familiar with the format and style of questions commonly asked in the MHT CET exam. Below you will find MCQ on reproduction in lower and higher plants online resources dedicated to your MHT CET preparation. 

Make sure to practice a variety of questions to cover different aspects of the topic. Carefully read each MCQ and analyze all the answer choices before selecting your answer. Sometimes, the options may seem similar, so pay attention to details and eliminate obviously incorrect choices.

Overall, consistent practice of reproduction in lower and higher plants MCQ for MHT CET exam can significantly enhance your preparation and boost your confidence on exam day. These MCQs challenge your problem-solving skills and help you develop strategies for tackling different types of questions.

Reproduction in Lower and Higher Plants MCQ with Answers:

Reproduction in lower and higher plants is a crucial topic in both the board exam and the MHT CET entrance examination. To help you excel in these exams, we've gathered some important MCQ on reproduction in lower and higher plants. This reproduction in lower and higher plants MCQ for MHT CET covers all concepts according to the latest syllabus of boards. 

By practicing these MHT CET objective questions regularly, you can enhance your subject knowledge, problem-solving skills, and time management. Answering reproduction in lower and higher plants multiple-choice questions will boost your confidence and improve your scores in exams.

1. What is the reproductive part of the plant?
a) Stem
b) Root
c) Flower
d) Leaf
Answer: c) Flower
Explanation: The flower is the reproductive part of the plant where the process of sexual reproduction occurs. It contains the reproductive organs such as stamens (male) and pistils (female), which are responsible for producing gametes and facilitating fertilization.

2. What are the two types of reproduction in lower plants?
a) Asexual and sexual
b) Vegetative and asexual
c) Sexual and spore formation
d) Binary fission and budding
Answer: c) Sexual and spore formation
Explanation: Lower plants exhibit two main types of reproduction: sexual reproduction, which involves the fusion of gametes, and spore formation, where specialized reproductive cells called spores develop into new individuals.

3. What is the most common method of reproduction in higher plants?
a) Spore formation
b) Fragmentation
c) Asexual reproduction
d) Sexual reproduction
Answer: d) Sexual reproduction
Explanation: Sexual reproduction is the most common method of reproduction in higher plants. It involves the fusion of male and female gametes to produce offspring with genetic variation.

4. Which part of the plant is called the female reproductive organ?
a) Stamen
b) Ovary
c) Pistil
d) Anther
Answer: b) Ovary
Explanation: The ovary is the female reproductive organ in plants. It contains ovules, which develop into seeds after fertilization.

5. Which of the following is the reproductive part of the plant?
a) Leaf
b) Stem
c) Root
d) Flower
Answer: d) Flower
Explanation: The flower is the reproductive part of the plant where sexual reproduction takes place through the production of pollen and ovules.

6. What is the answer to the generative nucleus divides forming?
a) Embryo
b) Gametes
c) Endosperm
d) Pollen tube
Answer: b) Gametes
Explanation: The generative nucleus divides to form male gametes (sperm cells) within the pollen grain during the process of pollen formation in plants.

7. What is the process through which plants reproduce?
a) Photosynthesis
b) Respiration
c) Transpiration
d) Reproduction
Answer: d) Reproduction
Explanation: Reproduction is the biological process through which plants produce offspring, ensuring the continuation of their species.

8. What is the structure of a flower?
a) Stamen and pistil
b) Sepal and petal
c) Ovary and stigma
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
Explanation: A flower typically consists of sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils, which are reproductive structures involved in the production of gametes and subsequent fertilization.

9. Which flower has a superior ovary called?
a) Hypogynous
b) Perigynous
c) Epigynous
d) Actinomorphic
Answer: a) Hypogynous
Explanation: In hypogynous flowers, the ovary is positioned above the attachment of other floral parts (sepals, petals, and stamens), giving it a superior position.

10. What is the process by which plants reproduce through the transfer of pollen called?
a) Fertilization
b) Germination
c) PollinFation
d) Embryogenesis
Answer: c) Pollination
Explanation: Pollination is the process by which pollen is transferred from the male reproductive organ (anther) to the female reproductive organ (stigma) of a flower, facilitating fertilization.

11. What is the process by which plants reproduce through parts other than seeds?
a) Vegetative propagation
b) Asexual reproduction
c) Sexual reproduction
d) Pollination
Answer: a) Vegetative propagation
Explanation: Vegetative propagation is a form of asexual reproduction in plants where new individuals are produced from vegetative structures such as stems, roots, or leaves, rather than seeds.

Reproduction in Lower and Higher Plants MCQ with Answers PDF (Textbook): 

Reproduction is the vital process through which new individuals of a species are formed from existing ones. Angiosperms, commonly known as flowering plants, have ovules enclosed within an ovary. 

Reproduction occurs in two main forms: asexual and sexual reproduction. Asexual reproduction, also known as apomixis, doesn't involve meiosis or fertilization. On the other hand, sexual reproduction involves the union of gametes, leading to genetic variation in offspring.

Here below we have given Textbook Reproduction in lower and higher plants MCQ with answers pdf.

1. Insect pollinated flowers usually posses____________
a. Sticky pollens with rough surface
b. Large quantities of pollens
c. Dry pollens with smooth surface
d. Light colored pollens
Answer: a 
Explanation: Insect-pollinated flowers usually possess sticky and heavy pollens with a rough surface that allows them to stick to insects easily. The pollen grains are also in small quantities, because it is very likely that insects will enter another flower, and the pollen grains would have a higher chance of landing on the stigma. That’s why there is no need for pollen grains in large quantities. 

2. In ovule, meiosis occurs in____________
a. Integument
b. Nucellus
c. Megaspore
d. Megaspore mother cell
Answer : d  
Explanation: In the ovule Megaspore mother cell/megasporocyte divides by meiosis to form four haploid megaspores. Thus, in the ovule meiosis occurs in the megasporocyte / Megaspore Mother Cell

3. The ploidy level is NOT the same in____________
a. Integuments and nucellus
b. Root tip and shoot tip
c. Secondary nucleus and endosperm
d. Antipodals and synergids
Answer: c 
Explanation: Integuguments and nucellus carry  2n respectively. Root tip & shoot tip also carry 2n respectively. Antipodals & synergids carry only n respectively. While secondary nuclei carry 2n & endosperm carry 3n. That’s why the ploidy level is NOT the same in the secondary nucleus and endosperm.

4. Which of the following types require pollinators but the result is genetically similar to autogamy?
a. Geitonogamy
b. Xenogamy
c. Apogamy
d. Cleistogamy
Answer: a  
Explanation: The transfer of pollen from an anther of one flower to a stigma of another flower on the same plant is called geitonogamy. Although geitonogamy is functionally cross-pollination involving a pollinating agent, genetically it is similar to autogamy since the pollen grains come from the same plant. 

5. If the diploid chromosome number in a flowering plant is 12, then which one of the following will have 6 chromosomes?
a. Endosperm
b. Leaf cells
c. Cotyledons
d. Synergids
Answer: d 
Explanation: Synergids are formed by megaspores which a haploid structures. Thus synergids are haploid and possess 6 chromosomes. So, the correct answer is ‘synergids’.

6. In angiosperms, the endosperm is formed by/ due to___________
a. Free nuclear divisions of megaspore
b. polar nuclei
c. polar nuclei and male gamete
d. synergids and male gamete
Answer: c 
Explanation: Endosperm is formed when the two sperm nuclei inside a pollen grain reach the interior of a female gametophyte and one of the sperm is fused with polar nuclei and forms Endosperm. That’s why the correct answer is ‘c’ polar nuclei and male gamete.

7. Point out the odd one____________
a. Nucellus
b. Embryo sac
c. Micropyle
d. Pollen grain
Answer : d. 
Explanation: Pollen grain is the odd one among all the other three. Pollen grain in a male gametophytic structure. Whereas all the other three are found inside the ovule, (nucellus, micropyle, and embryo sac.)

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