25+ Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production MCQ

Food production methods are crucial to meet the increasing demand caused by a growing population. To address this challenge, techniques like animal and farm management, advanced plant breeding, and technologies like tissue culture are used to boost crop yield and quality. 

Animal breeding is a key aspect of food production. It aims to improve animal productivity and enhance desirable traits in the end products.

Traditional farming methods have limitations in increasing food production. Simply expanding fields or better management practices can only go so far in boosting biomass production. Technology, especially in plant breeding, has revolutionized food production by significantly increasing crop yields.

Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production NEET MCQ (PYQ)

These Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production MCQ for NEET are made according to what you're studying in your CBSE Class 12 Biology class. They match the latest syllabus and the NCERT textbooks, so they're super relevant for your exams.

These questions are designed to test your understanding of food production enhancement techniques, which are important for exams like NEET. By practicing these MCQs, you'll gain a deeper understanding of the concepts and be better prepared for your exams. Let's dive into these questions to strengthen your knowledge of food production techniques.

Practicing these Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production MCQ for NEET is great for your exam prep. They cover important topics from Chapter 9 of your Biology textbook, helping you understand and remember key concepts.

1. A system of rotating crops with legume or grass pasture to improve soil structure and fertility is called (NEET 2016)
A. Strip farming
B. Ley farming
C. Contour farming
D. Shifting agriculture
Answer: B. Ley farming
Explanation: Ley farming involves rotating crops with legume or grass pasture to improve soil health and fertility.

2. Among the following edible fishes, which one is a marine fish having a rich source of omega-3 fatty acids? (NEET 2016)
A. Mystus
B. Mackerel
C. Mangur
D. Mrigala
Answer: B. Mackerel
Explanation: Mackerel is a marine fish known for its high content of omega-3 fatty acids, which are beneficial for human health.

3. Which of the following enhances or induces fusion of protoplasts (NEET 2015)
A. IAA and gibberellins
B. IAA and kinetin
C. Sodium chloride and potassium chloride
D. Polyethylene glycol and sodium nitrate
Answer: D. Polyethylene glycol and sodium nitrate
Explanation: Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is commonly used to induce fusion of protoplasts, facilitating genetic modification and hybridization in plants.

4. A technique of micropropagation is (NEET 2015)
A. Embryo rescue
B. Protoplast fusion
C. Somatic hybridization
D. Somatic embryogenesis
Answer: D. Somatic embryogenesis
Explanation: Somatic embryogenesis is a micropropagation technique where somatic cells differentiate into embryos under controlled conditions, allowing rapid multiplication of plants.

5.An algae which can be employed as food for human beings is _____ (NEET 2014)
A. Spirogyra
B. Ulothrix
C. Polysiphonia
D. Chlorella
Answer: D. Chlorella
Explanation: Chlorella is a type of algae that is cultivated for its high nutritional value and is used as a food supplement for humans.

6. In vitro clonal propagation in plants is characterized by (NEET 2014)
A. Microscopy
C. Northern Blotting
D. Electrophoresis and HPLC
Answer: A. Microscopy
Explanation: In vitro clonal propagation involves the use of microscopic techniques to propagate plants from a single parent plant.

7. Which part would be most suitable for raising virus-free plants for micropropagation?
(NEET 2012)
A. Node
B. Bark
C. Vascular Tissue
D. Meristem
Answer: D. Meristem
Explanation: Meristem tissues are actively growing regions of plants and are often used to propagate virus-free plants through micropropagation techniques.

8. Consumption of which one of the following foods can prevent the kind of blindness associated with vitamin A deficiency? (NEET 2012)
A. Bt-brinjal
B. Flavr savr tomato
C. Canola
D. Golden rice
Answer: D. Golden rice
Explanation: Golden rice is genetically modified to produce beta-carotene (a precursor of vitamin A), which can help prevent vitamin A deficiency-related blindness.

9. Jaya and Ratna, developed for the Green Revolution in India, are varieties of ____ (NEET 2011)
A. Maize
B. Bajra
C. Wheat
D. Rice
Answer: D. Rice
Explanation: Jaya and Ratna are high-yielding varieties of rice developed during the Green Revolution in India to increase food production.

10. A collection of plants and seeds having diverse alleles of all the genes of a crop is called _____ (NEET 2011)
A. Herbarium
B. Germplasm
C. Gene library
D. Genome
Answer: B. Germplasm
Explanation: Germplasm refers to a collection of genetic resources (plants and seeds) that preserve the diversity of alleles for all genes of a particular crop species.

MCQ on Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

1. What is enhancement of food production?
a) Decreasing food production
b) Stagnation in food production
c) Increasing food production
d) Food preservation techniques
Answer: c) Increasing food production
Explanation: Enhancement of food production refers to increasing the quantity and quality of food produced to meet the growing demand of the population.

2. Green Revolution was led by __________.
a) Norman Borlaug
b) Louis Pasteur
c) Gregor Mendel
d) Charles Darwin
Answer: a) Norman Borlaug
Explanation: Norman Borlaug, an American agronomist and humanitarian, is often credited with leading the Green Revolution, which involved the development and adoption of high-yielding varieties of cereal grains and modern agricultural techniques.

3. The process of protoplast isolation was first carried out by__________.
a) Gregor Mendel
b) Louis Pasteur
c) Frederick Griffith
d) Ernest Jaworski
Answer: c) Frederick Griffith
Explanation: Frederick Griffith, a British bacteriologist, was one of the pioneers of bacterial genetics and transformation. He conducted experiments involving the isolation of protoplasts (bacterial cells devoid of cell walls).

4. Is strategies for enhancement in food production important for NEET?
a) Yes, it is a crucial topic for NEET preparation
b) No, it is not relevant for NEET exams
Answer: a) Yes, it is a crucial topic for NEET preparation
Explanation: Strategies for enhancing food production are important topics covered in biology and agriculture sections of competitive exams like NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) in India.

5. What kind of improvement is more useful to human beings for the enhancement of food production?
a) Quality improvement
b) Quantity improvement
c) Both quality and quantity improvement
d) Nutritional improvement
Answer: c) Both quality and quantity improvement
Explanation: Enhancing both the quality (nutritional value, taste, shelf life) and quantity (yield per acre, crop productivity) of food production benefits human beings by ensuring food security and nutritional adequacy.

6. Bioenergy is obtained from __________.
a) Fossil fuels
b) Wind energy
c) Solar energy
d) Biomass sources (e.g., plants, animal waste)
Answer: d) Biomass sources (e.g., plants, animal waste)
Explanation: Bioenergy is derived from renewable organic materials (biomass) such as plants, crop residues, wood, and animal waste.

7. What are 3 methods that have been used to increase food production?
a) Genetic engineering, irrigation, and organic farming
b) Fertilization, crop rotation, and pest control
c) Mechanization, hybridization, and use of agrochemicals
d) Soil conservation, companion planting, and hydroponics
Answer: c) Mechanization, hybridization, and use of agrochemicals
Explanation: Methods such as mechanization (use of machinery), hybridization (breeding high-yielding varieties), and use of agrochemicals (fertilizers, pesticides) have been employed to increase food production.

8. Why do we need to improve food production?
a) To achieve sustainable agriculture
b) To meet the nutritional needs of a growing population
c) To combat hunger and malnutrition
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
Explanation: Improving food production is essential to ensure food security, sustainably manage natural resources, address global hunger, and provide adequate nutrition to the growing human population.

9. Crossing between different breeds is called ________.
a) Hybridization
b) Mutation
c) Self-pollination
d) Asexual reproduction
Answer: a) Hybridization
Explanation: Crossing between different breeds or varieties of plants or animals to create hybrids with desirable traits is known as hybridization.

10. How can we improve our food resources?
a) By practicing sustainable agriculture
b) By conserving water and soil resources
c) By adopting modern farming techniques
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
Explanation: Improving food resources involves implementing sustainable practices, conserving natural resources, and adopting innovative agricultural technologies.

11. How can we improve the quality of food production?
a) By using organic farming methods
b) By reducing the use of pesticides and synthetic fertilizers
c) By promoting crop diversity and genetic diversity
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
Explanation: Improving the quality of food production can be achieved through sustainable and environmentally friendly practices such as organic farming, biodiversity conservation, and reducing chemical inputs.

12. Which of the following does not constitute an improvement to food production?
a) Mechanization
b) Genetic modification
c) Deforestation
d) Irrigation
Answer: c) Deforestation
Explanation: Deforestation (clearing of forests) is not a method of improving food production; in fact, it can lead to ecological degradation and loss of biodiversity.

13. What helps to increase the production of food crops?
a) Crop rotation
b) Use of high-yielding varieties
c) Efficient irrigation systems
d) All of the above
Answer: d) All of the above
Explanation: Increasing the production of food crops involves adopting multiple strategies such as crop rotation, utilizing high-yielding crop varieties, implementing efficient irrigation systems, and improving soil fertility management.

Related Posts

Subscribe Our Newsletter